Legend has it that Kitcharao once ruled by two powerful kings, namely King Magipikan and King Busaylan who ruled the North and South respectively. A dispute over their respective hunting territories eventually broke into an open war wherein each side fought furiously until King Busaylan and his subjects were driven to the hills. The victorious King Magipikan ordered his mighty boars to uproot crops and other plants on their way, crushing, biting and scattering it on the ground to show their victory. “ Kit ug Isarao”, (bite and scatter the plants), where the King’s orders, thus became associated with the name of the embattled plain of abundance. Time has shortened this famous battle cry to “Kitcharao”, the term by which the same place is known today.
It was once a barrio of Jabonga town, but thru the initiative of the then Vice Mayor FRANCISCO M. TUOZO, SR. of Jabonga (Ang Amahan sa Lungsod) a resolution was passed petitioning Congress of the Philippines for the creation of the Municipality of Kitcharao. On August 29, 1963, Republic Act No. 3842 sponsored by the then Congressman Guillermo Sanchez was passed by Congress creating Kitcharao into a municipality.
The inhabitants of the Municipality of Kitcharao came from various regions of Luzon and the Visayas, hence you can find Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Ilongos, Warays, Cebuanos, Boholanos and few aborigines called Mamanwas*** and Manobos living peacefully apparently developing municipality.
*** The Mamanwa (variously called Konking, Mamaw, Amamanusa, Manmanua, Mamaua, Mamanwa) are one of the three groups that occupy a very distinct position in Philippine populations. Heretofore, the Mamanwa has been classified as a Negrito subgroup, but physical anthropological data indicate otherwise. The Mamanwa form a distinct branch from the rest of the Philippine populations which include the various groups of the Negrito, and the Austronesian-speaking peoples which now comprise the modern populations. The Mamanwa appear to be an older branch of population appearances in the Philippines affecting to some extent the Negrito of northeastern Luzon. Like all the Negrito groups in the country, the Mamanwa speak a language that is basically that of the dominant group about them. The lifeway of the Mamanwa is founded on slash-and-burn cultivation on small patches and minimal wet rice agriculture. Food gathering is heavily relied upon. The bow and arrow which was once important in hunting is no longer in use. Patron-client relationships with members of the surrounding group operate to some extent to provide them with subsistence needs. Settlements are generally small, numbering from three to twenty households in high ridges or valleys. The houses are usually arranged in a circle. Traditionally, dwellings are without walls.
A community is usually composed of kindred. Leadership resides in the oldest and most respected male. The role is not inherited but must be earned.